Diplomatic Boycott is Misplaced Beijing Olympics

Over concerns about China’s human rights violations, the US announced a diplomatic boycott at Beijing’s 2022 Winter Olympics. As expected, Australia and the UK, both members of the new AUKUS military alliance to counter China, followed suit.

Boycotts can be use diplomatically by states to voice disapproval over various issues. The states involved in this boycott are refusing diplomatic representations to the Games, but they are not preventing their athletes from competing. This is why it is so difficult to organize a boycott of this kind. It can also undermine the international value that sport has to offer.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC), is comprise of members who represent their country in their respective countries. This has allowed the IOC to maintain its political neutrality throughout the years. Thomas Bach, the president of the IOC, state that the Games would be end if politics were allow in.

The White House announced that it will not penalize US athletes by preventing them from participating at the Games. This is a clear indication that the US recognizes the importance to leave politics out of sports – so why should they boycott?

Constructive Ambiguity Diplomatic

This is an example constructive ambiguity, a negotiation tactic that Henry Kissinger, one the most prominent diplomats in America, used. This term refers to the intentional use of ambiguous terminology to advance a political goal and does not denote integrity, but self-preservation.

The UN general assembly passed a resolution to build peace and a better world through sport and the Olympic idea just days before the boycott was announced. Although 173 members states cosponsored the resolution, the US was not among them. Luis Moreno Permanent Observer of the IOC to UN) stated that this was only possible if the Olympic Games were politically neutral and not used as a tool for political ends.

President of World Athletics Seb Coe and the IOC both denounced any politically motivated boycotts. Coe, who was the 1980 Moscow Games Olympic champion despite support from the British government for a boycott by the USA, called the current decision “a meaningless gesture.”

These events further reinforce the diplomatic boycott by the US. The Biden administration supports the participation of American athletes in the Beijing Games. This explicitly recognizes the Olympic values as well as the primacy and authority of the Olympic Charter.

The US also declared a diplomatic boycott. This clearly undermining the political neutrality and placing its Olympic authorities and athletes into a difficult position. A boycott encourages officials and athletes from these countries to distance themselves from their governments, or to admit that they don’t care about China’s human rights.

Boots In The Past Diplomatic

US policies towards sporting boycotts have been inconsistent. Despite the repeated efforts of US diplomats in Berlin, appeals to boycott 1936 Olympics in Nazi Germany were ignored.

David Kanin, a former CIA expert on the Olympic movement, spoke out about the Moscow boycott.

If the White House had been more informed about the organization and operation of the Olympic Movement and international sport, the international impact of this boycott could have been much greater.

Historians consider the Moscow boycott to be a failure of Olympic proportions and a foreign policy.

For a variety of ethical, political, and legal reasons, past Olympic boycotts have been unsuccessful. The Olympic movement includes 206 countries. To be successful, it requires the support of the vast majority of countries. This is unlikely because all countries have strong bilateral relationships with other states that they won’t compromise over a sporting event.

Response To The Boycott

China’s response to the boycott has been more harsh, stating that the countries involved will pay the cost. China also stated that it will not invite diplomats from the West who have threatened to boycott, pointing out that the White House’s initiative is political grandstanding.

Human rights violations should be condemned wherever they occur, but Biden’s decision to boycott the Olympics politically is timid and misplaced. To pursue freedom, we must be clear about our positions. Sports are a great way to bring people together and foster ongoing dialogue.

In 1971, the Nixon administration sent nine US table-tennis players to China in an effort to reestablish diplomatic relations. This was known as pingpong diplomacy, and it is a prime example of the interconnectedness between sport and international understanding. It would be a mistake not to do that now.


Fast Serve Don’t Make Sense Factor In Physics

Serving is undoubtedly the most important part of modern tennis. The faster you serve, the better. However, if you break it down to the most basic scientific considerations, the speeds that top players can reach when they serve a serve are theoretically impossible.

How do they do this? Isaac Newton, ping-pong, and a bit of cheating (from a physical perspective) are the answers.

It Seems Impossible To Serve Fast

If the ball is hit from more than 2.6 metres above ground, it will not clear the net or land in the service area. This equation states that gravity doesn’t have enough time to drag a high speed ball inside the service area.

Even if the racket and player could reach almost three metres together, there would only be a 13 cm margin of error. This is only true if you are able to serve above the lowest portion of the net.

If you are not well over six feet (6’3), it is virtually impossible to serve super fast – from a physical standpoint. Even so, even the shortest players can serve over 180 kilometers per hour with remarkable accuracy.

How Is This Serve Possible?

Answer is simple: Players impart topspin to the ball. Isaac Newton observed this phenomenon and described it at least partially in 1672. However, HG Magnus (German physicist) is the one who most commonly describes top-spin. The ball will spin forwards if the racket is placed over the ball’s top during the serve. The ball will also spin when the air around it is spinning.

This layer of air is called the boundary layer by physicists and forms around all moving objects (a train, car, or truck passing will feel it). The ball presses against the oncoming wind, and the air above it collides with the oncoming. This air is deflected upwards and slowed down.

Air travelling under the ball meets air traveling in the opposite direction. It is then drag behind and then up. Newton’s third law states that every action has an opposite reaction. If air is drawn up behind the ball, the ball must respond by moving downwards.

The topspin tactic is often use by top-level players to great effect on the second serve. A top-level player will serve with a fast racket head speed to increase their topspin.

The ball will travel slower if the racket speed is reduce and the ball has more spin. The ball will still drop quickly to the ground, but the higher topspin gives you more room for error.

Beyond Brute Force

Muscle power is also important in the delivery of heat-infused food, but not as much as you might imagine. Our muscles are incredible motors. They produce the amazing forces that allow us to lift heavy items, climb mountains, and move around.

It has long known and experimentally proven 80 years ago that muscles don’t have the ability to produce much force if they are shortening very quickly. Theoretically, it is impossible to travel at high speeds using muscle power alone. We humans have to cheat a little. You may have noticed that top tennis players throw their rackets at the ball when serving, as you can see from this video.

To throw like a football player, their body must move in front of their arm. The upper arm must move before the lower, the lower arms before the hand, and both the hand and fingers must move before the arm. The wrist snaps inward. When the legs are already extend and the upper arms have stopped moving forward, the racket moves faster.

Throw-Like Movement Transfers Serves

This throw-like movement transfers a lot of energy from the shoulders and legs to the hands. Because the hand and forearm are still moving at end of serve, much of the energy from the body is transfer to them during the serving process. The entire arm or body is smaller than the hand. It has lots of energy and moves very quickly.

The difference in time between the movements of the upper and lower bodies also allows elastic tissues like tendons to store energy. These tissues quickly recoil in the serve later in the arm when it snaps forwards. They release the stored energy at speeds that are faster than muscle contractions.

This throw-like movement, rather than brute force, causes the hand to move faster than our muscles can handle. To serve at your best, your racket must thrown in a manner that the ball projects at high speed. Add some spin. It’s just simple physics.


Define Oneself less Able Prerequisite For A Paralympian Paralympics

Let me immediately say that I believe paralympics the answer to this question should be No! The column highlights a wording in the classification codes I find problematic and unneeded. The blog piece is now.

Keith Lyons gives a brief history of the Olympics and includes Paralympians. This column was written by Keith Lyons. Given the fact that Pistorius has dominated media coverage for the past 4 years, it is very likely that this was news to many.

He also highlighted Natalia Partika, a table tennis player, and Oscar Pistorius, a disabled person who were competing at the 2012 Olympics. Both will be competing in the Paralympic Games at London.

It begs the question, what is it that allows you to participate in the Olympics and the Paralympics.


Natalia Partika and Natalie du Toit’s cases suggest that being a member of a normative body does not necessarily mean you are eligible to participate in the Olympics. Pistorius was only debate because of the cheetah leg tool he used, which was label as unfairly giving him an advantage.

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), however, stated that there wasn’t enough data to support his claim. However, if there was, he would be ban from competing against normal leg track and cross-country athletes at the Olympics. This may not mean that the Olympic dream is over.

High jump athletes cannot compete with pole vaulting, but they can have their own event. Because Olympic participation is not tied to body composition, there is no reason why an artificial leg or wheelchair should not be treat as a pole or bobsleigh/bobsled. This could lead to an Olympic event. In another column, I’ll discuss the implications of this road.


Many articles have been written about disabled athletes participating in the Olympics. But I believe that disabled athletes who compete in the Olympics, such as Partika or Pistorius, pose a problem for eligibility for the Paralympics. Keith and Tracey, fellow bloggers, covered the Paralympic classifications.

A few words in the classifications for the International Paralympic Committee Para Table Tennis Division and the International Table Tennis Federation Para Table Tennis Division would be of interest to me.

In their 2010 ITTF Classification Code, the ITTF Para Table Tennis Division of the International Table Tennis Federation states:

An athlete cannot compete if he or she has a functional impairment that is permanent and clearly visible. An athlete who has an activity restriction that does not result in a permanent impairment and/or does no limit his/her ability to play equitably with other athletes with impairment is ineligible to compete.

International Paralympics Committee

The International Paralympic Committee’s (IPC), classification code and international standard were establish in 2007. 5.2 3. An Athlete must be unable to compete if they have an impairment that causes a permanent and verifiable activity limitation.

5.3 An impairment should limit an Athlete’s ability to compete in elite sport with athletes without impairment. 5.4 An Athlete with an Activity Limitation that results from an impairment that isn’t permanent or doesn’t limit their ability to compete in elite sport with Athletes who are not impaired should be disqualify.

Following 5.3. of IPC and ITTF, one would conclude that Pistorius or Partika should not compete at the Paralympics since both have shown that they can compete equally in the Olympics.

However, I believe that the rule that requires that disable athletes prove that they are unable to compete with Olympic athletes should be discard. Keith and Tracey, fellow bloggers, highlighted the need for rules. The classifications were create to ensure that Paralympic athletes compete on an equal basis. But there’s no reason to tie it to Olympic athletes.

Rules That Paralympics Outline

Although there are rules that outline who can participate in the Men and Women Olympics, they do not allow for comparisons between different abilities. We would not accept such a rule.

Paralympics can be describe as the Parallel-lympics. They are, according to the highlighted rules, the less-able-lympics

This is not necessary. To avoid the possibility of paralympics flooding by non-impaired persons. One can place them in their own classifications such as double amputee, single amputee or no amputee. They will also have different qualifying times to gain entry into the Paralympics.

Without generating an ability judgment hierarchy between the categories, classifications can made base on body differences and tools. If one is not able to identify as less capable than others, how can one inspire the world?